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Museum of Traditional Vietnamese Medicine.  The channels and vessels. Book of acupuncture.

Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine technique that involves inserting thin needles in specific points on the body to stimulate healing and improve overall health.

Green Leaves


          Here's how it works:

  1. Qi (Chi) and Meridians:

    • Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) posits that the body has a vital energy called "Qi" (pronounced "chee") that flows through pathways known as meridians.

    • When Qi flows freely, the body is in a state of health. Blockages or imbalances in Qi can lead to illness and pain.

    • Acupuncture aims to restore the balanced flow of Qi by stimulating specific points on the meridians.

  2. Acupoints:

    • The body has hundreds of acupuncture points (acupoints) along the meridians.

    • Each point corresponds to different organs and bodily functions.

    • Inserting needles into these points can influence the flow of Qi and help correct imbalances.


         Physiological Basis

  1. Neurotransmitter Release:

    • Inserting needles into acupoints stimulates nerve endings, which send signals to the brain.

    • This can trigger the release of neurotransmitters such as endorphins (natural painkillers), serotonin (mood stabilizer), and other chemicals that promote healing and pain relief.

  2. Blood Flow and Immune Response:

    • Acupuncture can increase blood flow to the needled areas, promoting healing and reducing inflammation.

    • It may also modulate the immune system, enhancing the body’s ability to fight infections and maintain overall health.

  3. Gate Control Theory of Pain:

    • Acupuncture may help block pain signals by stimulating the nervous system.

    • According to the gate control theory, non-painful input (such as acupuncture) can close the "gates" to painful input, preventing pain sensation from traveling to the central nervous system.


         Practical Application

  1. Diagnosis and Treatment Plan:

    • An acupuncturist assesses the patient’s health condition through various diagnostic methods, including tongue examination, pulse reading, and patient history.

    • Based on the diagnosis, the acupuncturist develops a personalized treatment plan targeting specific acupoints.

  2. Needle Insertion:

    • Fine, sterile needles are gently inserted into the skin at the identified acupoints.

    • The needles may be left in place for 15-30 minutes, during which the patient may feel a slight tingling or warmth.

  3. Additional Techniques:

    • Acupuncturists may use additional methods such as moxibustion (burning herbs near the skin), cupping (using suction cups on the skin), or electro-acupuncture (applying electrical stimulation to the needles).


         Benefits and Applications

  • Pain Relief: Effective for chronic pain conditions like back pain, arthritis, migraines, and menstrual cramps.

  • Stress and Anxiety Reduction: Helps balance the nervous system, promoting relaxation and reducing stress.

  • Enhancement of Overall Health: Supports immune function, improves digestion, and enhances well-being.

  • Women's Health and Fertility: Addresses menstrual irregularities, supports fertility treatments, and alleviates menopausal symptoms.

  • Sports Medicine: Aids in injury recovery, improves performance, and reduces muscle soreness.


While acupuncture is a time-honored practice with a strong foundation in both traditional and modern understandings of health, it is essential for patients to seek treatment from qualified practitioners to ensure safety and efficacy.

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